Sesame is an herbaceous plant with a complex root system and an angular branching stalk. Sesame plants have opposite leaves and white, reddish, or yellow flowers. The sesame fruit is a capsule with tiny nutty-flavored seeds inside
Sesame is planted manually, with lines of seeds deposited in rows, and later thinned to a distance of 15-18 plants per meter. Under these conditions, up to 200,000 plants can grow per hectare of land.
Three months after planting, periodic field visits are needed to determine the exact harvest date. The harvest must begin when the plants start to turn yellow and lose their lower leaves. The plants are gathered into piles and laid on the ground for a day, and then collected in bunches to be dried in the sun for one month.
Each harvest season we strive to collect the best seeds that meet the characteristics, requirements, and specifications for the international market. For years we have worked to support small and medium-size sesame producers; we are convinced that this is the best way to promote food security, economic development, and agriculture in our country.
Sesame can be used in baking, for breads, cookies, pastries and candies; in food-grade oils, as dressing for salads, in making vegetable shortening, in the pharmaceutical industry, and for soaps, cosmetics, and oils. Sesame is sought-after for its long shelf-life, thanks to an antioxidant called sesamol.
1. Sesame contains high-quality, methionine-rich proteins that are crucial in maintaining healthy liver function.
2. Sesame is rich in Vitamin E and has other concentrated minerals such as calcium, zinc, iron, manganese, silica, chromium, and copper.
3. Sesame contains lignans, which are responsible for protecting cells from the aging process.
4. Thanks to its fatty acid content, sesame helps to reduce cholesterol and prevent high blood pressure.
5. The fiber content in sesame acts as a good intestinal regulator.
6. Sesame is rich in lecithin, which helps in producing sexual hormones. It also helps to extend "youth" and improve nerves and intelligence.
7. Sesame is one of the most natural sources of energy.
8. Sesame helps to reduce skin conditions caused by stress and dietary deficiencies.
9. Sesame is a food that is highly unlikely to produce allergic reactions.
10. Sesame has more potassium and phosphorous than bananas or orange juice.